General Requirements of Writing Articles

Guidelines for article writers can be outlined as follows:

  1. Articles are written in English with a density of 1,2 spaces, Arial 10, A4 paper size, one column format, and last costume setting margins (top 1 inch, 1 inch left, 1 inch bottom, 1 inch right). Or more clearly follow the systematics of writing on the template that can be downloaded on the main page of the
  2. The length of the article should be no more than 4500 words or approximately 10-15 pages, including any images, graphics or tables (if any) that accompany
  3. The terms in a foreign language or regional language in the text are written in
  4. The literature review is not included as part of the article structure. If any of them are considered important to be displayed, they can be integrated into the introduction chapter or in the Quotation of the literature in the discussion as necessary only and which is preferred is the discussion of the results of the analysis of the data found alone.


Article Structure

In general, the structure of scientific articles research results and non-research scientific articles are relatively the same. In the non-research article, there is no method part. The structure of scientific articles of research consists of 10 main sections namely: (1) title (2) authorship lines subtitles; (3) abstract; (4) keywords; (5) introduction; (6) methods; (7) results and discussion; (8) conclusions; (9) acknowledgments and (10) bibliography. The structure of non-research scientific articles is divided into 9 main parts namely: (1) title; (2) ownership line; (3) abstract; (4) keywords; (5) introduction; (6) discussion; (7) conclusions; (8) acknowledgments and (9) bibliography. Each section is given an explanation as follows:

  1. Title
    1. Titles should be concise and informative, no more than 15 words, including the For a title to be short and succinct in 15 words, avoid connecting words and mentioning objects, places or research materials in great detail.
    2. The title contains the keywords of the topics
    3. Arial 14, with one line
    4. Title in
    5. Avoid using abbreviations, formulas, and
  2. Authorship lines
    1. Authorship lines are made up of three parts, namely author names, author institutional affiliations, and email
    2. The institutional affiliation of the student follows the place where the student is
    3. Authors' names should be people who actually participate in planning, execution, analysis of results, discussion, and report
    4. The academic/functional or bachelor's degree does not need to be listed
    5. The name of the institution is listed in full, written under the author's name along with the postal address, email, and facsimile (if any) for the purposes of
    6. If the author is more than one person and comes from a different institution, then all addresses are listed by supplying a superscript number starting from 1 behind the author's name in
    7. The name of the correspondence author is given an asterisk (*).
  1. Abstract
    1. The abstract is written briefly and factually, including research objectives, research methods, results, and
    2. Abstracts are written in one paragraph; written in one or two languages (Indonesian and English); maximum abstract length of 150
    3. Avoid referrals and unusual
  2. Keywords
    1. Keywords consist of 3 to 7 words and/or word
    2. Written in alphabetical order
    3. Between keywords separated by commas (,).
    4. Avoid many connecting words (and, with, that and others).
  3. Introduction
    1. Avoid the sub-sub in the
    2. The introduction should contain the background of problems, problems and research
    3. The percentage of the introductory page length is between 10-15% of the total length of a
    4. References are indicated by writing down the author's last name and year of issue, regardless of page The foundation of theory is presented in complete, concise, and completely relevant sentences for the purpose of writing scientific articles.
  4. Methods
    1. Briefly summarize the materials and methods used in the study, including the subjects / materials studied, the tools used, the design or experiment used, the sampling technique, the variables to be measured, the data retrieval technique, the analysis and the statistical model
    2. Avoid writing excessive statistical
    3. If you use a well-known method, please state the name of the method only. If necessary, specify the reference source used as a
    4. For qualitative research, research methods can
  5. Results and Discussion
    1. The format of the results of research and discussion is not
    2. The results can be presented with support tables, graphics or images as
    3. Tables and charts or captions are arranged in the form of a phrase (not a sentence)
    4. Description of the image/graph is placed under the picture/graph, while the title of the table is placed on The title begins with a capital letter.
    5. Do not repeat sentences or numbers that have been listed in the table in the text of the If it will emphasize the results obtained should serve in other forms. To show the number in question, just refer to the table that contains the number.
    6. In general, international journals do not want statistical languages (such as: different, treatment, etc.) written in the discussion. Avoid copy and paste tables of statistical analysis results directly from statistical data processing
    7. The discussion material explores what results are obtained, and suggests the
    8. Referral citation in the discussion should not be too long (if necessary avoid).
    9. Citation results of research or opinions of others should be written in the sentence itself (not using the exact same sentence).
    10. Similar research sets may be referred to in
  1. Conclusions
    1. The conclusion should be the answer to the research question, and expressed not in statistical
    2. Written along one paragraph in essay form, not in numerical
  2. Acknowledgments
    1. Acknowledgments are generally placed after the
    2. Contains gratitude to the funding agencies, and or individuals who have assisted in the execution of research and writing of
  3. References

General Terms of Reference Writing:

  1. Reference is written in full, in accordance with the references in the
  2. References only include the sources referenced in the
  3. For research articles, references are referenced from about 5-15 articles of scientific While non-research articles at least have referenced 8 scientific articles.
  4. Referral sources of at least 80% of the literature published last 10
  5. References are arranged alphabetically based on Author's name: the name shown is the final name (surname) of the author followed by the initial (and middle) name abbreviation if any). If the author is more than one person, then the way of writing is the
  6. Write the bibliography in accordance with the APA Style
  7. Terms of referral writing by reference type:


Articles in Periodicals

Articles in Journal Paginated by Volume

Harlow, H. F. (1999). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Articles in Journal Paginated by Issues

Kansiati, C. L. (2006). Orientasi baru penyelenggaraan pendidikan program profesional dalam memenuhi kebutuhan dunia industri. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 8(1), 57-65.

Articles in a Magazine

Henry, W. A., III. (2005, April 12). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28-31

Articles in a Newspaper

Pitunov, B. (2008, Desember 13). Sekolah unggulan ataukah sekolah pengunggulan?. Majapahit Pos, pp. 4, 11.


Edited Book with an Author or Authors

Morshed, M. M., & Haseeb, A. S. M. A. (2009). Physical and chemical characteristics of commercially available brake shoe lining materials : A comparative study. Dhaka : Materials and Metallurgical Department, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.

A Translation

Ary, D., Yacobs, L. C., & Razavieh, A. (2001). Pengantar Penelitian Pendidikan. (A. Furchan, Trans).

Surabaya : Usaha Nasional. (Original Work published 1976)

Edition Other Than First

Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., & Krugman, R. D. (2000). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Article or Chapter in an Edited Book

O’Neil, J. M.,& Egan, J. (1999). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Electronic Sources (Web Publications)

Article From an Online Periodical with DOI Assigned

Wooldridge, M. S., & Shapka, J. (2012). Playing with technology: electronic toys. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33(5), 211-218. Or doi: 000000000/000000000

Article From an Online Periodical with no DOI Assigned

Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddist Ethics, 8.

Retrieved from

Newspaper Article

Parker, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Time. Retrieved from

Electronic Books

De Huff, E.W. (n.d.). Taytay's tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. Retrieved from            ay/taytay.html

Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Available from Inkey=1- 9780931686108-0

Other Print Sources Dissertation/Thesis, Published

Wahyuni, S. Y. (2009). Pengembangan uji kompetensi mandiri berbasis komputer untuk meningkatkan efikasi diri siswa (Doctoral dissertatation). Retrieved from name of database

Dissertation/Thesis, Unpublished

Kuntoro, T. H. (2007). Pengembangan kurikulum pelatihan magang di SMK : Suatu studi berdasarkan dunia usaha (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). Program Pasca Sarjana UNNES, Semarang.

Government Document

National Institute of Mental Health. (2008). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Pubication No.

ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC : U. S. Government Printing Office.

Conference Proceedings

Suci, P., Tjipto, P., & Budi, J. (Eds.). (2013). Implementasi penggunaan simulasi phET dan KIT sederhana untuk mengajarkan keterampilan psikomotor siswa. , Prosiding Seminar Nasional IPA IV . Semarang: Program Studi Pendidikan IPA S1 FMIPA UNNES.